Stormlight Archive Wiki

Cosmere symbol* by Isaac Stewart upon t-shirts worn by volunteers at Brandon's booth at Comicon, Phoenix, AZ, 6/2-5/16 [1]

The cosmere is the greater universe - a dwarf galaxy[1] - in which The Stormlight Archive - and many of Brandon Sanderson's other adult fiction books - take place. The books take place on different Shardworlds, and each of these worlds is set in the same small galaxy within the cosmere.[2] All of the books share a single creation myth (though not all cultures are aware of it), a single cosmology, and are connected by an overarching story. Brandon has said that one does not need any cosmere knowledge to understand the books, and that they can be enjoyed separately, but it will be necessary eventually to have a certain understanding of Realmatic Theory. Elements of the cosmere are slowly being added into the books, behind the scenes, until they come into the forefront with Dragonsteel and the final Mistborn trilogy.


While he was selling his initial works to publishers, Brandon was encouraged to write books set in different worlds as opposed to a huge epic fantasy series. That way, if a publisher didn't like one book, said publisher could pitch a different one, which one can't do with a huge fantasy series. But as a way of still having a huge fantasy series, Brandon made all of these independent stories a "hidden epic." That is, he seeded continuing characters and elements into all of these different worlds, now known as the cosmere.

The first book Brandon sold, Elantris, was embedded with these elements and he kept putting them in subsequent novels. So far there is one character who appears in all of the full-length cosmere novels that he has created. Sometimes this character uses the name Hoid, and sometimes he can only be recognized by appearance. He is a linchpin to the overarching story within the cosmere.


As in a lot of things in the cosmere, the way one views how one's abilities work shapes those actual abilities.[3]

According to Brandon, just as it is with Investiture, one cannot destroy anything in the cosmere, but one can make it change forms.[4]

Everyone in the cosmere has Investiture. Everyone has something like Breath. Nalthians have something kind of extra special because they can use it in different ways, but everybody has something like that.[5]


Adonalsium's exact nature has not yet been revealed. At this point it is understood to be the cosmere's power of Creation that permeated everything. Due to as yet unrevealed events, Adonalsium has been Shattered into pieces, known as Shards of Adonalsium, or Shards for short, which are themselves each pieces of the power of Creation itself. The Realms predate the Shattering and are part of the fundamental physics of the cosmere.[6]

Properties and Forces[]

There are people and forces who are trying to manipulate everyone in the cosmere to seek after glory and power.[7]

Shards of Adonalsium[]

There are sixteen Shards,[8]** scattered amongst ten Shardworlds. Shards are related to many, if not all, magic systems on those worlds.

Shards are named after a specific action or ideal, called an Intent. A mind must control a Shard. When a person holds a Shard, they are imbued with its power, but they also become the Shard and have an overriding desire to follow that Shard's Intent.

When a Shard comes to a world, it imbeds into the magic of that world altering it to match its Intent. On many if not all worlds, the method of binding with a magic is directly related to the Shard or Shards on that world as is its use.

The Shards Honor (Almighty/Tanavast), Cultivation and Odium have influence on Roshar.

Realmatic Theory[]

All things exist in three Realms: the Physical, the Cognitive, and the Spiritual. All things in the Cognitive and the Spiritual are comprised of Investiture.[9]

  • The Physical Realm is the most readily understood as it is merely the manifestation of the world as experienced by the characters, with properties similar to our own.
  • The Cognitive Realm, also known as Shadesmar on Roshar, can be used as a means of Worldhopping and travel. It is the place of ideas and has much in common with Platonic Ideals. According to Brandon, the ways that people know how to Worldhop now are all related to the Cognitive Realm in some way. Though it doesn't have to be that way, that's the way that everybody knows.[10] Further, worlds are much closer to each other in the Cognitive Realm than in the Physical. When there, a Worldhopper is within walking distance to other worlds (though it may take weeks/months to travel between worlds). Shallan, Jasnah, Adolin, Kaladin, and Azure have traveled to the Cognitive Realm.[11][12][13][14]
  • The Spiritual Realm is that of the "soul." Little is know about this Realm. It is believed that this is the location of the afterlife for cosmere residents. Shardholders may not have full access to the Spiritual Realm.

In the Spiritual Realm, every person has a latticework of lines that makes up his/her spiritweb. The particular "shape" of this spiritweb is affected by two different things: a) the sDNA of the individual (that determines the layout of the spiritweb), and b) outside trauma that can "break" the spiritweb itself (i.e., Kaladin's witnessing Tien's death).[15]

A person's spiritual component knows how old they are.[16]

When a spiritweb is "cracked" by a traumatic event, it leaves gaps into which something else can fit. On Roshar, this is achieved through a Nahel bond; a spren attaching itself to someone's spiritweb and repairing the connection that was severed.[14]

It is important to note that an individual's spiritweb was never severed completely away from the whole. In the same way ripping a fishing net doesn't destroy the threads, the pieces are still there, just separated. Adding more thread (in this case, a Spiritual bond with a spren) leaves one with a bigger web than one had before. That, coupled with the fact that this material is a portion of the power of Adonalsium itself, is what grants someone the ability to Surgebind.[14]

There are some fundamental rules about changing forms from energy to matter, and having Identity, Investiture, and Connection stored in one's Spiritual DNA, that are relevant to everything.[17]


Cosmere IS

The Cosmere Constellation Map
Artwork by Isaac Stewart

The cosmere has a similar structure as the universe with which readers are intimately familiar ... inclusive of galaxies, solar systems, and the like.[18] Within the cosmere, there are an untold number of inhabited worlds[19], undiscovered worlds,[20] and ten Shardworlds, each of which has a soul,[21] where there is Shardic presence and which take part in the overarching story. Nine Shards and their respective locations are known. These include the following ...

World Shards Books Magic System
Ashyn None,[22] (Odium)[23] The Silence Divine Unknown
Braize Odium Unknown Unknown
First of
the Sun
None Sixth of the Dusk Aviar
Lumar None Tress of the Emerald Sea Unknown
Nalthis Endowment Warbreaker BioChroma
Roshar Honor, Cultivation, (Odium) The Stormlight Archive Old Magic, Soulcasting, Surgebinding, Voidbinding
Scadrial Preservation,[24] Ruin [25](eventually, Harmony) Mistborn Trilogy, Mistborn Adventures Series Hemalurgy, Allomancy, Feruchemy
Sel Devotion (deceased), Dominion (deceased) Elantris, The Emperor's Soul The Dor, Forgery, Bloodsealing, Dakhor, and hints of a Jendo power
Taldain Autonomy White Sand[26] Sand Mastery
Threnody Ambition (deceased),[27] None Shadows for Silence in the Forests of Hell Shades
Unknown Survival[28] Unknown Unknown
Vax Unknown Referenced in Elantris, Mistborn: Secret History Unknown
Yolen None[29] Dragonsteel, Liar of Partinel Lightweaving
Known Shardworlds GH

Cosmere: Known Shard Worlds
Fan art by Guy Horsfall[2]

There are many worlds in the cosmere that are inhabited, but upon which none of the sixteen Shards currently reside. Though the lives, passions, and beliefs of the people are important, regardless of which world on which they reside, only a few of these worlds have relevance to the greater cosmere at large.[30]

This is mostly due to the fact that travel on and off the worlds (at least in the Physical Realm) is dependent upon perpendicularities - places where a person can transition from Shadesmar onto the world itself. If a world doesn't have a perpendicularity, then it can be studied from the Cognitive Realm, but cannot truly be visited.[31]

Further, there are no worlds without Investiture. One would have to have no matter in order for there to be no Investiture, because matter, energy, and Investiture are the same thing. There are worlds where natural sources of Investiture that are easy to reach are not present. So, one would have to figure out another way to make it all work, which would be very difficult. It is possible for one to get there, but the way the magic is working is that one is being drawn partially to sources of Investiture, so it's highly unlikely one would end up on one of those other worlds.[32]

There is also a world with the corpse of a dead god on it.[33]


Ashyn is a world in the Rosharan system that is the first planet from Roshar's sun.

It's known as a burning world within the Rosharan system, which suffered a cataclysm long ago (as revealed in Oathbringer, supposedly due to Surgebinding).[34] People there live in very small pockets of survivability - including the famous floating cities[35] - while a number of other people fled to the planet Roshar.[36] The Tranquiline Halls of Vorinism are thought to exist on Ashyn.

The magic of Ashyn is disease-based.[37] As the bacteria and viruses there seek to keep their hosts alive, they provide their hosts with supernatural abilities, which differ depending on the disease.[citation needed]

Ashynites harness this by lowering their immune systems and deliberately infecting themselves to gain various powers.[citation needed]


Farthest out of the three in the Rosharan system, despite being cold and inhospitable to men, Braize is home to an ecosystem of self-aware Splinters. (The local parlance would call them spren.) Khriss believes that it's possible some of these are actually Cognitive Shadows, but research on Braize is difficult and dangerous, so she'll hold back on theorizing for the moment.[38] Braize is the planet where vengeful dawnsingers resided between desolations, along with the heralds who kept them contained while said spirits tortured them. It is also revealed to be damnation from the Vorin religion.

First of the Sun[]


Fan art of symbol for First of the Sun by Imaginary Cosmere[3]

First of the Sun is a member of the Drominad system, which is comprised of three worlds inhabited by fully developed human societies. (There is also a fourth world in the habitable zone.) This is unique in the cosmere; only the Rosharan system can rival it, and there one of the planets is inhabited solely by Splinters.[39]

All four of these worlds have water as a dominant feature. And one of them, the first world, has a perpendicularity. It remains a mystery as to just how this is possible because there is no Shard residing in the system.[40]


Nalthis IS

Symbol for Nalthis
Artwork by Isaac Stewart

Little is known about the geography of Nalthis, though therein exists an inland sea which is valuable for trade, and at least a third of the coast is owned by the most powerful kingdom of Hallandren.[citation needed]

This kingdom is unique within Nalthis as being the only known place that Tears of Edgli will grow, as well as being its only jungle climate.[citation needed]

The kingdom of Idris is located to the north of Hallandren. It controls the passes through the mountains, which are also valuable for trade. It can be inferred that a few well-populated nations are located past these mountains and beyond the reach of the inland sea. Within Idris are also some copper mines.[citation needed]


Main article: Roshar
Main article: Rosharan System


Scadrial IC

Fan art of symbol for Scadrial by Imaginary Cosmere[4]

The inner Scadrian system is basically empty, save for Scadrial ... which is fortuitous, considering the vast changes the system has undergone because of its Shards.[41]

Khriss states that the remarkable thing about Scadrial is how well humankind has flourished on it, despite the world's repeated cataclysms. She believes that other worlds in the cosmere have seen worse disasters, but that on none of them will one find a thriving, technologically advanced society as exists on Scadrial.[42]

A now dishardic world, Scadrial is characterized by a host of unique features. It is one of only two places in the cosmere where humankind does not predate the arrival of Shards. Indeed, from her studies, Khriss is convinced that the world itself did not exist before its Shards. Preservation and Ruin arrived in the system, then picked a star with no relevant worlds in orbit, specifically choosing the location because it was empty, so they could place there whatever they wished.[43]

Because the Shards undoubtedly used humans from Yolen as a model in creating life, the flora and fauna on Scadrial are very similar to what one would find on Yolen.[44]

Though the Shards created this world together, it quickly became the symbol of - and prize - in their conflict. This conflict is manifested directly in the ways that Investiture is used on Scadrial.[45]

This is a powerful magic, and one where humans themselves have often had access to grand bursts of strength. Periodically throughout Scadrial's history, a man or woman gained access to vast amounts of power, with incredible effects. Star charts list two orbits for Scadrial. The world was literally moved at various points by individuals wielding immense amounts of Investiture.[46]


Sel IC

Fan art of symbol for Sel by Imaginary Cosmere[5]

Sel is home to multiple empires that, uniquely, have remained somewhat ignorant of one another. It is a willful kind of ignorance, with each of the three domains pretending that the others are barely worth notice.[47]

The world itself facilitates this, as it is larger than most. Vast continents and sweeping oceans create a diverse landscape, with an extreme amount of variation upon it. Here there are both snow-covered plains and expansive deserts.[48]

This world is notable for being dishardic, as it is one of few in the cosmere to have attracted two separate Shards of Adonalsium: Devotion and Dominion. These Shards were extremely influential in the development of human societies on Sel.[49]

Because the Cognitive Realm has distinct locations, magic on Sel is very dependent upon physical position. In addition, the rules of perception and intent are greatly magnified on this world, to the point that language - or similar functions - directly shapes the magic as it is pulled from the Cognitive Realm and put to use.[50]

This overlap between language, location, and magic on Sel has become so integral to the system that subtle changes in one can have profound effects on how the Dor is accessed.[51]


Taldain IC

Fan art of symbol for Taldain by Imaginary Cosmere[6]

Taldain is a tidally locked world trapped between the gravitational forces of two stars in a binary system. The smaller star is a weak white dwarf that, enveloped in a particulate ring, is barely visible from the Darkside of the world. Those who originate from this side consider a uniform darkness to be the natural state.[52]

The ultraviolet light that shines through the ring causes a certain reflective luminescence in much of the plant and animal life. The few visitors to this world often find it between striking and garish.[53]

On the other side of the world is Dayside, which faces the larger of the two stars, a blue-white supergiant around which the dwarf orbits. The sun is a dominating fixture of Dayside, which is primarily a vast sandy desert, with most of the flora and fauna living beneath the surface.[54]

For years residents of this world thought that their Shard, Autonomy, had Invested only Dayside, through the sunlight itself. They know now it is not as simple as this, though the mechanism is best explained under those assumptions. The Investiture beats down from the sky, and is absorbed by a microflora that grows like a lichen on the surface of the sand, giving it its brilliant white color (when fully Invested) or deep blackness (when that Investiture is depleted).[55]

Giving water to the tiny plant causes a chain reaction of sudden growth, energy, and Realmic transition. Certain people can now control this reaction, using the water from their own bodies to forge a brief Connective bond. They can draw Investiture (in very small amounts) directly from the Spiritual Realm, and use that to control the sand.[56]

Though the effect is dramatic, the actual power used is quite small. This is a magic more about finesse than raw strength.[57]

Dayside is home to two prominent cultures, while Darkside is more hospitable and varied. The flora and fauna of both sides are remarkable, though currently prospective visitors are - unfortunately - unable to experience them directly. Autonomy's policy of isolationism in recent times (in direct contrast to her interference with other worlds) has prevented travel to and from Taldain for many, many years.[58]


Threnody IC

Fan art of symbol for Threnody by Imaginary Cosmere[7]

The Threnodite system was warped by an ancient conflict. Long ago, soon after the Shattering, Odium clashed with (and mortally wounded) the Shard Ambition here. Ambition would later be Splintered, but this act took place in a different location.[59]

The direct clash between these two Shards had a profound effect on the worlds of this system. Though the actual battle took place in the vast space between worlds - and though the true contest occurred mostly in other Realms - the ripples of destruction and change washed through the system.[60]

Threnody is the third world in the system. Some measure of Investiture must have existed on this world before the battle between the Shards. However, the waves of destruction - carrying ripped-off chunks of Ambition's power - twisted both the people and the world of Threnody.[61]

The world is home to two separate continents, one of which has been abandoned. Expeditions from the smaller continent to explore have vanished, and the place is dangerous to visit even in the Cognitive Realm.[62]

The smaller continent is a frontier, mostly unexplored and unnamed, with several bastions of civilization. One of the largest of these was set up haphazardly by refugees fleeing across the ocean, lacking some basic necessities. They focused on making it a fortress first, and a home second.[63]

People on Threnody are afflicted with a particular ailment that - upon death - sometimes turns them into Cognitive Shadows. For example, a spirit infused with extra Investiture will often imprint upon that very power. This excess Investiture can attain the ability to remain sapient after being separated from its physical form. Locally, the people think of these things as ghosts, though they really are instantiations of barely self-aware Investiture.[64]

Visiting Threnody is difficult, as there is no stable perpendicularity there - only very unstable ones that cannot be predicted easily, and have a somewhat morbid origin.[65] Also, said perpendicularity is more a circumstance than a location.[66]

According to Brandon, it's not a coincidence that so many of the planets in the Threnodite System have to do with songs of mourning or passing.[67]

According to Isaac, symbolism of the Threnody symbol has a lot to do with the star system. This has to do with the three rules. So, each of these symbols has something to do with the three rules, and also different things that are found in the sky. The eye is the sign of Purity. Then there is silver, which stands for "Do not run." The other one is the blood. There are stars in the sky that are red there, so that's the star.[68]


There are three races on Yolen. There are humans, Sho Del and dragons.[69]

Before the Shattering, Worldhopping from Yolen was possible to other worlds like Roshar, but it was a lot more difficult to pull off. Not nearly as frequently as that of present day.[70]

Yolen is where Hoid is from and it's where the Shattering happened.[71]

That said, according to Brandon, the one big thing happening on Yolen is that there are two competing ecologies occurring on the same world. An entire invasive ecology (called fain), and the regular one, familiar to readers. The Sho Del fill the niche in the fain ecosystem that humans fill on earth.[72]

There is no Shard in residence on this world.[73]

If one is going to get a mythological term that's going to transfer across worlds, it's going to go back to what it was called on Yolen. Some of the words from Yolen are kind of like the way that humans use Old English.[74]



Artwork by Isaac Stewart

The map of Shadesmar within the endpapers of The Way of Kings provides the Expanse of Broken Sky,*** the Expanse of the Densities (Sel),[75] the Expanse of the Vapors (Scadrial),[76] and the Expanse of Vibrance (Nalthis).[77]

Brandon has not confirmed that Taldain is the Expanse of Broken Sky.[78]

World Systems[]

Magic Systems[]

Each world has its own magic system. On worlds where one or more Shard is present, the magic is bent to the Intent(s) of each Shard. Intention is vitally important to the workings of most cosmere magics.[79][80]

Each human has an innate amount of Investiture built into them. The ways in which this Investiture may be used for magic vary from world to world and most worlds have multiple forms of related magic.

Brandon has also established that all magics fall into one of three categories: "end positive", "end negative" or "end-neutral".[81]

"A lot of the magic systems in the cosmere, I kind of in my head differentiate kind of the primary worlds and the secondary worlds. And even on the secondary worlds, there is magic. And any place that a Shard has been in presence is gonna leave behind an aftereffect, but it's not always that. I would call most of the magic on Ashyn Cultivation-based, most likely. And Cultivation's in the system, but has only briefly been to that planet. But it doesn't mean that ... basically, it's kind of the level of Investiture. If you go to Scadrial, on Scadrial, you're gonna have a high percentage of the population, cosmereologically, that are gonna have access to one of the Hemalurgic [Metallic] arts, right? Same thing on Roshar. And indeed, the people are going to be Invested on a level that is beyond the others. This is my in-world canon reason that people just don't come down with colds very often or have tooth decay very often, and things like that. On the primary Shardworlds, we're talking about people who are just naturally, highly Invested.

"All the other worlds, though, you're still gonna have the occasional pop-up of magic, here and there. You're still gonna have effects of being in the cosmere, and things like that. Just much smaller chances. And the magic's probably going to be less likely to be planet-destroying potential, and things like that, like happened on Ashyn."

–Brandon Sanderson[82]

Passive Magics[]

Some magics are passive, allowing anyone who has a certain amount of Investiture to use that magic.


Nalthis: Breath on Nalthis has both passive and active uses which can be accessed by anyone who has sufficient Investiture (Breath).

Scadrial: Feruchemy is latent to a Terris person's spiritweb.[83] It allows them to store various aspects (including base Investiture) for later access.

Triggered Magics[]

Some forms of magic require a certain trigger for the magic to be accessed. In these cases, the magic must find "cracks" or pathways in the person's spiritweb or soul to "fill in" or follow.


Nalthis: Returned are returned from death with a broken Cognitive aspect, losing all of their prior memories. There are indications that this is a choice presented by Endowment upon death. This rewrites the Returned's Cognitive connections and allows them to change their various physical aspects.

Roshar: Both Honor and Odium grant magic based on specific pathways in the spiritweb as defined by the ideals of their order. The Old Magic requires rewriting of the person's spiritweb to allow for the required changes.

Scadrial: Allomancy requires the practitioner to "snap" which is usually a near-death experience.

Sel: AonDor and Dakhor are location based and require a transformation of the subject which rewrites the person's spiritweb.

World-based Magics[]

Some other methods of accessing magic seem to exist for which it seems to be purely world-based with no need for spiritweb/sDNA match but only skill and access to materials.


Scadrial: Hemalurgy utilizes Invested metal to rip sections out of a person's spiritweb or Cognitive aspect and patch them into another person's spiritweb or Cognitive aspect. No magical ability need already exist or be extant in the practitioner.

Sel: Forgery and Bloodsealing use objects with innate Investiture, Soulstone and human blood respectively. Only skill seems to be needed.


According to Brandon, the way healing works in the cosmere begins with one having three versions of oneself. One has one's Physical version, one's Cognitive version, and one's Spiritual version, A lot of Stormlight takes one's Physical version and matches it to the Spiritual version which is one's ideal self. Still, this has to be filtered through the lens of one's mind, and such.[84]



Meet The Big Ones: Kelsier, Hoid, Sazed, Khriss, Frost
Fan art by Botanicaxu


It has been explained that all things exist between three Realms: Physical, Cognitive and Spiritual in the cosmere. A reader has surmised that different things "exist more" in a certain Realm than another, though all things have some presence in the three. Humans appear to "exist more" in the Physical Realm. Spren appear to "exist more" in the Cognitive Realm (i.e., Shadesmar in The Stormlight Archive). Investiture appears to have various forms in the Physical Realm (e.g., Allomantic metals, mist, Stormlight).[citation needed]

However, the time between each of the original 99 Desolations was made up; there were much fewer of them. Brandon has stated that the cosmere runs along a 10,000 year gap and that Roshar falls right into the middle of the timeline. He has said, "That should give you a perspective of the timeline and events of the Desolations."[citation needed]

*According to Brandon, the cosmere logo was built using some of the same fundamental principles as those in the description of the mural in Dawnshard, and they are related.[85] According to Isaac, the star in the center has sixteen points, representative of the Shards. Then, it's like they're spreading throughout the universe. In his mind, it's a representation of the Shattering, and then beings spread throughout the cosmere.[86]

**Also according to Brandon, one cannot separate - in a lot of places in the cosmere - the perspectives of the sapient beings who are interfering with what's going on there ... even going back to the number sixteen.[87]

Second chances at life is a major theme of the cosmere.[88]


*** Since Raboniel tells Navani to stay away from Braize - despite that one can travel to other worlds through Shadesmar - because even if one could get through the barrier storm there, the place is barren, devoid of life, merely a dark sky, with endless windswept crags, and a broken landscape,[89] it sounds like Braize could fit the Expanse of Broken Sky.

External Links[]

There is an article by Chris Lough here.

There is a cosmere timeline here.

There is a very different description of Threnody here.

Q&A with Brandon[]

Q. Since we generally don't see inhabitants of your worlds refer to their planets by name, where do the names come from?

A. From Worldhoppers, Shards, and those who know about the cosmere.[90]

Q. How do states of matter affect how things look in the Cognitive and Spiritual Realms?

A. So, generally, how people perceive something is very important to the reflection in the Cognitive Realm, and so the physical state of matter is going to be involved in that, but generally, it flows the other direction from the Spiritual Realm.[91]


  1. Book signing, San Diego, CA, 11/14/17
  2. Q&A with Brandon Sanderson, 17th Shard, 9/24/12
  3. iCon 2019, Tel Aviv, Israel, 10/15/19
  4. YouTube Spoiler Stream 2, 6/3/21
  5. YouTube Livestream 32, 6/3/21
  6. iCon 2019, Tel Aviv, Israel, 10/15/19
  7. Arcanum Unbounded release party, Provo, UT, 11/22/16
  8. The Way of Kings, 11. Droplets
  9. Book signing, London, UK, 11/28/17
  10. Emerald City ComicCon 2018, Seattle, WA, 3/1/18
  11. The Way of Kings, 45. Shadesmar
  12. Words of Radiance, Prologue - To Question
  13. Words of Radiance, Epilogue - Art And Expectation
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Oathbringer, 108. Honor's Path
  15. The Way of Kings, 67. Words
  16. Stormlight Three Update #5, /r/Stormlight_Archive, 11/18/16
  17. iCon 2019, Tel Aviv, Israel, 10/15/19
  18. Q&A with Brandon Sanderson, 17th Shard, 9/23/12
  19. Arcanum Unbounded release party, Provo, UT, 11/22/16
  20. Oathbringer release party, Provo, UT, 11/13/17
  21. Reddit AMA 2013, 4/15/13
  22. Book signing, Chicago, IL, 3/22/14
  23. Book signing, Orem, UT, 12/6/14
  24. Book Club Q&A,, July 2009
  25. Book Club Q&A,, July 2009
  26. First Look at White Sand,, 3/18/16
  27. Book signing, Houston, TX, 11/18/17
  28. interview, Warsaw, Poland, 3/17/17
  29. JordanCon 2021, 7/16/21
  30. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 477
  31. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 477
  32. Secret Project #4 Reveal and Livestream, 3/24/22
  33. Book signing, American Fork, UT, 12/12/19
  34. Oathbringer, 111. Eila Stele
  35. Book signing, Idaho Falls, ID, 12/29/18
  36. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 535
  37. General Reddit 2020, 1/1/20
  38. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 535
  39. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 477
  40. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 477
  41. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 151
  42. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 151
  43. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 151
  44. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 151
  45. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 151-152
  46. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 152
  47. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 17
  48. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 17
  49. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 17
  50. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 18
  51. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 18
  52. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 369
  53. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 369
  54. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 369
  55. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 369
  56. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 369-370
  57. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 370
  58. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 370
  59. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 417
  60. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 417
  61. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 417
  62. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 417
  63. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 417-418
  64. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 418
  65. Arcanum Unbounded, pg. 418
  66. FanX 2021, 9/16/21
  67. Book signing, Ft. Collins, CO, 11/29/16
  68. Arcanum Unbounded release party, Provo, UT, 11/22/16
  69. Arcanum Unbounded release party, Provo, UT, 11/22/16
  70. Book signing, Prague, Czechia, 10/26/19
  71. Starsight Release Party, Orem, UT, 11/26/19
  72. Dawnshard Annotations Reddit Q&A, 11/6/20
  73. JordanCon 2021, Atlanta, GA, 7/16/21
  74. JordanCon 2021, Atlanta, GA, 7/16/21
  75. Book signing, San Francisco, CA, 11/15/17
  76. Book signing, Orem, UT, 12/6/14
  77. FanX 2019, 4/19/19
  78. FanX 2019, 4/19/19
  79. Worldbuilders AMA, 12/3/15
  80. Stormlight Three Update #4, /r/Stormlight_Archive, 9/8/16
  81. Goodreads: Ask the Author Q&A, 8/13/14
  82. Dragonsteel Mini-Con 2021, 11/22/21
  83. What is a Spiritweb?, 17th Shard, 12/26/11
  84. Book signing, Orem, UT, 3/10/18
  85. Dawnshard Annotations Reddit Q&A, 11/6/20
  86. Arcanum Unbounded release party, Provo, UT, 11/22/16
  87. Book signing, Orem, UT, 3/10/18
  88. YouTube Livestream 32, 6/3/21
  89. Rhythm of War, 89. Voice Of Lights
  90. Cosmere Q&A, 17th Shard, Sept. 2012
  91. Book signing, Beaverton, OR, 11/16/17